Git is a distributed revision control and source code management system released in 2005 and distributed under GNU General Public License v.2. Git handles large amounts of data and possesses tracking capabilities which are non-dependent on network access or central server.
This tutorial will cover the installation of Git on Ubuntu 14.04. Here, we will be showing you the installation in two different ways which have their unique benefits.
Installation of Git Using Apt-Get
Using apt-get method is the easiest and fastest way to install git. After updating your local package index, you can download and install the program:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install git
Git is installed in your system. However, you will have to do some configuration changes that we will be covering up later in this tutorial.
Installation of Git from Source
This method takes some time to install, but will provide you with the latest release. In case if you want the latest version of Git to be installed from source, here is how:
Before starting the installation, update the system packages using apt-get update.
sudo apt-get update
Now, you need to download the required dependencies using the command:
sudo apt-get install build-essential libssl-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev libexpat1-dev gettext unzip
Now, install the latest version of Git from git project’s page on GitHub. If you want to get the latest release, you can change the branch to latest non-rc option. Now, you can click the Download ZIP button on the right side of the page and select the option Copy Link Address. Refer to the snapshots below:
Next, run the following wget command:
wget https://github.com/git/git/archive/v1.9.2.zip -O git.zip
Unzip the file and switch to that directory:
unzip git.zip cd git-*
Global installation would require two steps – installing as yourself and as root user.
make prefix=/usr/local all sudo make prefix=/usr/local install
You can update the Git in future using:
Git Set Up
Once Git is installed, you need to copy your username and email in the git config file.
Open the config file and add the following lines of code to it:
git config --global user.name "Your Name" git config --global user.email "[email protected]"
If you want to verify the settings, you can use the command:
git config --list
The output should look similar to this:
user.name=Your Name [email protected]
In case if you omit the step of updating your username and email, Git may throw a message similar to this:
[master 0d9d21d] initial project version Committer: root Your name and email address were configured automatically basedon your username and hostname. Please check that they are accurate.You can suppress this message by setting them explicitly: git config --global user.name "Your Name" git config --global user.email [email protected] After doing this, you may fix the identity used for this commit with: git commit --amend --reset-author
Git is successfully installed on your system.